Chronic migraine in Italy: Chronic Migraine is officially regulated as a social disease in Italy

Chronic migraine in Italy has finally been recognized as the serious diseases it is. The Italian senate has approved the recognition of primary chronic headache as a social disease,  a huge step towards the acknowledgment of migraine as the serious illness it is.

On April 18, 2019 the Chamber passed the bill and 15 months later it was finally approved by the Italian Senate. This achievement reflects the struggle of migraine patients, and it comes as a fair recognition of their condition, setting a historic goal which could be the previous step to improvements in the diagnosis, the social conditions and the therapeutic approaches of patients suffering from primary chronic head pain.

Read more on the regulation of chronic migraine in Italy: The applause of the scientific societies of reference SIN, SISC AND ANIRCEF Senato della Repubblica

1. Primary chronic headache, ascertained for at least one year in the patient by a diagnosis made by a specialist in the field at an accredited centre for the diagnosis and treatment of headaches attesting to its disabling effect, is recognised as a social disease, for the purposes of paragraph 2, in the following forms

(a) chronic and high-frequency migraine

(b) chronic daily headache with or without excessive use of analgesic drugs

(c) chronic cluster headache;

(d) chronic paroxysmal migraine;

(e) short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with reddening of the eye and lacrimation;

(f) continuous migraine.

2. A decree of the Minister of Health, to be adopted within one hundred and eighty days from the date this law comes into force, following an agreement signed at the Standing Conference for relations between the State, the regions and the autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano, shall identify, without new or additional charges for the public finance, projects aimed at experimenting innovative methods of taking charge of people suffering from headaches in the forms referred to in paragraph 1, as well as the criteria and methods by which the regions implement these projects.

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